Identifying Feedbacks, Understanding Cumulative Impacts, and Recognising Limits
While various national analyses have been undertaken to address different climate-related and resource management issues (e.g., biodiversity, infrastructure, soils, water resources, primary production, forestry, land-use change, ecosystem services, population), New Zealand lacks a comprehensive systems analysis that considers their interactions and feedbacks. This raises challenges to understanding impacts across a range of scales, especially cumulative impacts. As a result, we often only learn of environmental limits after they have been crossed. This research will undertake a first-ever comprehensive national multi-scale systems analysis across New Zealand to understand the interplay among climate, land, water, soils, ecosystems, ecosystem services, economics, land-use/land-cover change, and population. It will improve knowledge of feedbacks and trade-offs among different resources and facilitate study of cumulative impacts and identification of environmental limits and how they vary under different climate change pathways.
Leadership of Research Aim 3:
- Dr Daniel Rutledge, Landcare Research